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雅思听力场景词梳理

2020-04-06 16:35 来源: 济南环雅 作者:admin 浏览
核心提示: 很多人关注雅思词汇量的问题,那么雅思学习需要多少词汇呢? 如果要拿高分,何止是要掌握8000啊,1万都不行,不过要是只需要过6分,掌握5500个单词以上已经足够了。 总起来说,雅思有别于TOEFL、CET4、CET6等其他考试,需要掌握的单词很难量化, IELTS考试听

很多人关注雅思词汇量的问题,那么雅思学习需要多少词汇呢?如果要拿高分,何止是要掌握8000啊,1万都不行,不过要是只需要过6分,掌握5500个单词以上已经足够了。

总起来说,雅思有别于TOEFL、CET4、CET6等其他考试,需要掌握的单词很难量化,IELTS考试听力部分选用的文章都来自英语国家的日常生活,因此并没有绝对的词汇数字,尽管没有绝对的单词总数设定,但单词量绝对不是最大的问题,只要掌握3000个关键词汇,就可以应对考卷的大部分内容。不过对于这3000个词汇的掌握,不仅仅是听说读写,更重要的是知道怎样去掌握和使用它们(active words),熟练掌握3000个词汇可能比简单背诵10000个单词更有用。



 


如下几个听力场景的重点词汇你都掌握了吗?

 
1. social events (section 2)
 

会议、展览、节日等社会事件是在雅思听力section2经常考到的主题。在国外学生们经常会参加一些大型会议和活动,他们会从网页、单页、通知版和广告上了解活动的主题、日程安排、是否提供住宿餐饮等具体信息

  
Events: 
Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition
  
Examples: 
Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show
  
Publicity: 
website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens
  
Transportation: 
bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems
  
Agenda: 
dates, timetable
  
Focus/theme: 
music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits
  
Celebration: 
parade, dance, chorus, music band
  
Catering: 
café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue
  
Security: 
security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost
 
 
2. environment (section 2/4)
  
由于环境类词汇专业性较强,不要求大家全部记忆下来,但雅思听力在词汇方面最重要的一点是能做到到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样即使不能听懂全部内容,也能对整体脉络有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。
  
atmosphere: 
Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide
  
pollution: 
air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste
  
Geographical: 
soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation
  
energy: 
fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas
  
recycling: 
plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components
  
 
3. repair (section 1)
  
这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。
  
What to repair: 
fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)
  
Model type/number
  
Main problem: 
leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping
  
When to repair: 
immediately, straight away, right now, urgent
  
next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks
  
Mornings, afternoons (am pm)
  
Quality warranty: 
expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years
  
Compensation: 
refund, replacement
  
Payment: 
cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer
 
 
4. diet and health (section 4)
  
饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。
  
Food intake/elements: 
protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie
  
diet: 
cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat
  
cereals: 
wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice
  
health: 
low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis
  
Physical exercises: 
running, jogging, swimming
 
 
5. medicine (section 1 )
  
这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说family doctor这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。怎样注册一个家庭医生,他们看病怎样收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。
  
doctors: 
physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner
  
treatments: 
cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,
  
diseases: 
headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee
  
medicine: 
antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks
  
surgery: 
operation
  
hospital: 
clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice
 
 
6. library (section 1/4)
  
图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。
  
registration: 
information desk, information sector, librarian desk
  
registration fee, membership fee
  
ID documents: 
passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter
  
Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password
  
Books: 
fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic
  
Periodicals: 
magazines, journals Current issues, back issues
  
Technical Resources: 
photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops
  
Electronic, digital: 
CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM
  
Recall system: 
catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian
  
Circulation: 
borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve
  
Loan time: 
weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)
  
Training classes: 
research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing
 
 
7. job hunting (section 1/2)
  
边上学边打工是绝大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!
  
Type of work: 
vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job
  
Main roles: 
receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint
  
Advantages and disadvantages: 
pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation
  
Working hours: 
am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas
  
Pay rate: 
pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage
  
Clothes: 
formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform
  
Transportation: 
bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab
  
Magazine reporters: 
housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

 

 

8. shopping
  
在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。对于追逐时尚,喜欢购物的年轻一代而言,如果在购物上失分就比较不给力了,fighting!
  
Price: 
discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off
  
Packaging: 
economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products
  
Where to buy: 
supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping
  
Receipt: 
invoice, quality warranty, receipt
  
Supermarket: 
entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

以上就是环球雅思老师做出的讲解,希望广大考生在备考过程中能够多加注意,环球雅思为你提供便捷的一站式服务,让你轻松备考,提前熟悉考试,做足准备,轻松应对考试各个环节。  咨询电话:0531-86927699

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